Identify Your Own Trigger Point Zones



Below is a list of muscles and how their trigger points affect us:



Adductors - Longus, Magnus and Brevis
These muscles pull the thigh inwards. Triggers cause pain along the inside of the thigh with radiation up into the pelvis.

Biceps
This is a strange pain pattern - triggers refer up into your shoulder and down into your elbow - not into your biceps at all.

Deltoid - Anterior and Posterior
The deltoids are the power muscle of the shoulder. They refer pain locally in the shoulder into the upper arm.

Foot Intrinsics
Triggers cause pain within the ankle & foot

Forearm Extensors
Triggers cause pain in the wrist, hand and fingers. There is often weakness and stiffness in the grip.Foot flexors triggers cause pain in the big toe.

Frontalis
Causes head tension headaches and pain in the front of your head

Gastrocnemius
Triggers cause pain in the calf and under the sole of the foot.

Gluteus Minimus and Medius
The gluteus minimus muscle can mimic the pain of sciatica – it can run right down your leg. Gluteus medius refers pain locally.

Gluteus Maximus
This the big power muscle of the buttock. Trigger points are relatively easy to access, and refer pain locally.

Hand Intrinsics
Triggers cause pain & stiffness in the fingers and awkwardness in fine movements.

Intraspinatus
Triggers refer pain into the neck, arm and into the upper back.

Intercostals
Triggers cause sharp localized pain in between the ribs

Intra Pelvic Muscles
Triggers can only be reached by internal examination by a medical professional, but triggers can be relieved in this way. They refer pain in the pelvis and groin.

Latissimus dorsi
This causes pain up in the shoulder and arm, and locally in the back.

Levator Scapulae
This causes pain locally in the shoulder

Longissimus
This long back muscle refers pain into the mid back, lower back and buttock.

Masseter
This muscle refers pain mainly to your jaw and cheek.

 Multifidi
These small muscles stabilise each segment of your spine. Triggers refer pain locally in the back.

Obliques
The obliques are important core stabilizers. They refer pain into the abdomen and groin

Occipitals
These cause pain to the front and top of your head.

Peroneus
Triggers cause pain over the outer ankle or foot

Pectoralis Major and Minor
The pectoralis causes pain in the shoulder and down the arm. The pectoralis minor can contrict the nerve bundle that runs into your arm. This can cause sharp shooting pains, tingling and numbness into your arm.

Piriformis
When this muscles is tight, it can compress the nerves that run down into your leg. This can cause shooting pains running right down into your leg.

Popliteus
Triggers cause a localised pain over the back of the knee.

Psoas Muscles
This is a really deep muscle. Triggers here refer pain into the back, into the abdomen and upper thigh.

Pterygoid - Lateral & Medial
Pterygoid Triggers in these complex muscles cause jaw pain. They can also contribute to TMJ, or Temporomandibular Joint Disorder.

Quadratus Lumborum
The quadratus lumborum is a posture muscle that causes lower and mid back pain.

Rectus Abdominus
This muscle group is are known as your abdominals, or ‘abs.’ These are unusual in that they refer pain into your stomach, but can also refer pain into your lower and mid back.

Rhomboids
These refer pain locally in the back of your shoulders

Scalenes
Triggers cause pain in the chest, upper thoracic spine, arm & hand. They also can cause nerve entrapment in the brachial plexus – causing pain, numbness and weakness in the arm and hand.

Semitendinosus
Triggers cause pain in the back of the thigh and up into the buttock

Soleus
Triggers here cause pain in the heel, calf and very rarely over the lower back.

Sternocleidomastoid
This causes pain in the ear, cheek and jaw. The can also mimic the nerve pain of trigeminal neuralgia

Subocciptals
These cause pain deep in your head and tension headaches

Supraspinatus
This causes pain in the shoulder and down the arm

Temporalis
This muscle refers pain to the teeth. It can be a confused with toothache.

Thenar Eminence
Triggers cause pain in the wrist & thumb with stiffness and interference in fine motor skills of the hand.

Upper Trapezius
This is one of the commonest muscles to get triggers. It causes pain from the side to the front of your head, and in the shoulder.

Vastus Lateralis
This muscle is largest portion of the quadriceps and makes the knee straighten out. Pain is felt along the outside of the buttock, thigh & knee.

Vastus Medialis
Triggers cause pain in the inner thigh and knee. It can cause the knee to collapse unpredictably.

 
 

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